Labral Tears of the Shoulder Are Not Age DependentRotator cuff tears (RCTs) are more common as we get older. In this study, surgeons report on the relationship between RCTs, shoulder dislocations, and patient age. When the shoulder dislocates, the glenohumeral ligament is always torn. RCTs may or may not occur at the same time. This study shows that RCTs occur most often after repeated shoulder dislocations.
Patients at the Unit of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery in Ferrara, Italy were divided into three groups in this study. Each group had 50 patients. Group 1 had shoulder instability meaning the joint had dislocated at least twice. Group 2 had a complete RCT. Group 3 had both shoulder instability and RCTs. All patients were between the ages of 40 and 60 years old.
Arthroscopic exam found the following:
The authors analyzed the data and made these observations:
The authors conclude age does not seem linked to labral or capsula tears. This is true despite the fact that there are a larger number of these injuries in patients 50 years old or older. RCTs are more common with recurrent shoulder dislocations.
Giuseppe Porcellini, M.D., et al. Shoulder Instability and Related Rotator Cuff Tears: Arthroscopic Findings and Treatment in Patients Aged 40 to 60 Years. In The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery. March 2006. Vol. 22. No. 3. Pp. 270-276.
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