Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Shoulder FAQ


My 33-year old daughter just emailed me that she has thoracic outlet syndrome. She may have to give up her wallpaper business. Is there any way to cure this problem?


Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) involves the neurovascular bundle of the neck and arms. Specifically, there is the brachial plexus (group of nerves) and the blood vessels. Symptoms occur when there is pressure on either of these structures as they pass from the neck down the arms.

Symptoms include neck, arm, and hand pain. Many people are awakened at night with hand numbness and tingling. In the morning, their hands are stiff and swollen. The symptoms are often brought on or made worse by working with the arms overhead.

This occurs for several reasons. The upward rotation and outward motion of the shoulder blade causes the pectoralis minor muscle to clamp down on the subclavian artery and brachial plexus just under the collarbone where the collarbone and shoulder joint meet.

Sometimes there are congenital fibrous bands that also put pressure on the neurovascular bundle. Congenital means it's something you were born with. And in some people, there is an extra rib that can also apply pressure to these structures.

There is successful treatment possible for many patients. A physical therapist can help change the person's posture enough to take pressure off these areas. The therapist can help manually stretch the muscles and any fibrous bands that might be involved. And the patient can be taught specific stretching exercises to lengthen the muscles as they cross over critical structures.

In rare cases, surgery can be done to remove the extra rib or release the fibrous bands compressing the neurovascular bundle. Derya Demirbag, MD. The Relationship Between Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings and Postural Maneuver and Physical Examination Tests in Patients with Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Results of a Double-Blind, Controlled Study. In Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabiliation. July 2007. Vol. 88. No. 7. Pp. 844-851.

*Disclaimer:* The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.
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