Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Shoulder FAQ

Question:

What's a reverse Bankart injury? I've had surgery to repair a Bankart lesion. I've never heard of a reverse one. I saw a report in our local newspaper that a favorite athlete of mine has this condition.

Answer:

Bankart or reverse Bankart injuries occur in the shoulder. They are usually the result of a traumatic injury leading to shoulder dislocation. About 95 percent of all shoulder dislocations occur in the forward (anterior) direction. In the case of the Bankart lesion, the anterior labrum tears during an anterior shoulder dislocation.

The labrum is a rim of extra cartilage around the shoulder socket. It helps deepen the fairly shallow shoulder socket to keep the head of the humerus inside the cup. With a reverse Bankart, the shoulder dislocates in a backward direction (posteriorly). The back (posterior) portion of the labrum is torn or ruptured. This type of injury is rare.

Lara L. Devgan, et al. Posterior Dislocation in a Voluntary Subluxator: A Case Report. In Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. April 2006. Vol. 38. No. 4. Pp. 613-617.

*Disclaimer:* The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.
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