Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Shoulder FAQ


Last year I fell and broke my shoulder. I ended up with a frozen shoulder. After surgery and six months of therapy, I'm much better. I notice whenever I see the surgeon or physical therapist they are always trying to pull the shoulder out of the socket. What does this tell them?


You may be describing some tests that can be done to show how well the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) glides and slides. This is called glenohumeral translation.

It's a very important internal motion of the shoulder that allows the shoulder to move so far in so many directions. In fact of all the joints, the shoulder is the most mobile because of these extra or accessory motions.

The humeral head glides in five different directions: up (superior glide), down (inferior glide), away from the body (lateral glide), forward (anterior glide), and backward (posterior glide).

A decrease in any of these translations will affect your shoulder range of motion. Too much slide or glide increases the shoulder looseness or laxity. Excess joint laxity can lead to joint instability and dislocation.

One way to gauge how well you are doing after the type of injury and surgery you've had is to test joint accessory motions. This helps the doctor and therapist plan the right treatment for you.

Next time someone starts moving your shoulder this way, stop and ask them to explain what they are doing. Most healthcare providers are more than happy to help patients understand what they are doing and why they are doing it. Michael Bahk, et al. Laxity Testing of the Shoulder. A Review. In The American Journal of Sports Medicine. January 2007. Vol. 35. No. 1. Pp. 131-144.

*Disclaimer:* The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.
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