My 18-year old daughter injured her shoulder while roller blading and was diagnosed with a "Bankart lesion" of her right arm. What is a Bankart lesion?
A Bankart lesion occurs in the shoulder joint when there is a tear in the lower front portion of the glenoid labrum. The glenoid is the "ocket" half of the shoulder joint. The labrum is a ring of fibrous cartilage around this opening.
Often in a Bankart lesion, the ligaments that attach to the labrum are torn. An osseus Bankart defect tells us that along with the tendon a piece of bone has been torn off the edge of the socket.
A Bankart lesion suggests shoulder instability. The shoulder may dislocate in a forward direction. Surgery to repair the damage can now be done arthroscopically without cutting the joint open. The doctor inserts a slender instrument into the joint. A tiny TV camera on the end allows the surgeon to see inside the joint. A separate incision allows the surgeon to work insert surgical tools to make necessary repairs.
Tadato Kido, MD, et al. Dynamic Stabilizing Function of the Deltoid Muscle in Shoulders with Anterior Instability. In The American Journal of Sports Medicine. May/June 2003. Vol. 31. No. 3. Pp. 399-403.
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