Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Hip News

Review of Total Hip Replacements for Obese and Geriatric Adults

Is it safe to have a total hip replacement (THR) if you are obese or older than 75 years of age? This review shows that the answer is yes for each unique group. But there are some risks and special factors the surgeon must consider.

Patients whose body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30 kg/m2 are classified as obese. They may be at increased risk for complications from anesthesia and poor wound healing. The presence of sleep apnea, diabetes, and high blood pressure are additional risk factors for poor outcome. And the durability and surface of the implant may not last as long.

The number of adults who remain active in their older years is on the rise. Therefore, the need for THR is increasing in this age group. There are concerns about blood clots, poor rehab, and falls linked with hip dislocation among the elderly. There are even more risk factors for older adults with dementia or Alzheimer's.

Studies show that careful management is needed for both the obese and the elderly patient. A multidisciplinary (team) approach is needed. Rates of infection and poor wound healing may be higher in the obese group. Mental confusion and decline in cognitive function are problems after surgery for the aging patient.

The surgeon can expect that both groups will need more help during the rehab phase. Patients and their families should be told that improved function may be less than hoped for or anticipated. Bariatric surgery for weight loss in obese patients before THR does not appear to decrease complications.


John E. McDonald, and Michael H. Huo. Total Hip Replacement: Unique Challenges in the Obese and Geriatric Populations. In Current Opinion in Orthopaedics. January 2008. Vol. 19. No. 1. Pp. 33-36.

00/00/0000

*Disclaimer:* The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.
All content provided by eORTHOPOD® is a registered trademark of Medical Multimedia Group, L.L.C.. Content is the sole property of Medical Multimedia Group, LLC and used herein by permission.

Our Specialties

Where Does It Hurt?

Our Locations

  Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook Follow us on YouTube
Follow us on Twitter