Houston Methodist. Leading Medicine

Knee News

Heel Wedge For Medial Knee Osteoarthritis

Wearing a wedge insole inside the shoe may help patients with early and mild medial knee osteoarthritis. Medial refers to the inside compartment of the joint -- the side closest to the opposite knee.

The Researchers at the Gait Analysis Laboratory, Division of Physical Therapy, Fukui University in Japan made a study of patients wearing a lateral wedged insole inside the shoe. The idea is to shift some of the weight off the medial joint by moving the weight slightly to the inside of the foot.

Each patient was fitted with light-emitting diodes from the hip to the thigh. Walking was analyzed using a special computerized system. As the patient walked, a light measuring device and force plates captured walking speed, stride width, and step length. X-rays taken also recorded hip-knee-ankle angles. The same measurements and analysis were made with and without the wedge.

Computer analysis of the results showed decreased step length, stride width, and walking speed in patients with OA but without the wedge. These measurements were compared to healthy normal adults in a control group. After wearing the lateral wedged insoles, the stride width changed but length and speed did not change.

Beneficial changes were only observed in patients with mild (grade 1 or 2) medial knee OA. Dynamic load on the knee while walking is known to be linked with severity of disease. If the knee can be unloaded with a simple wedge insert, the progression of OA may be slowed. Patients may experience less pain and become more active.

The results of this study support the use of a lateral wedged insole for anyone with Grades 1 and 2 medial knee OA. Since measurements were taken right after wearing the wedge insoles, the authors suggest another study to measure the results after several months.

Seïchiro Shimada, RPT, et al. Effects of Disease Severity on Response to Lateral Wedged Shoe Insole for Medial Compartment Knee Osteoarthritis. In Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. November 2006. Vol. 87. No. 11. Pp. 1436-1441.


*Disclaimer:* The information contained herein is compiled from a variety of sources. It may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. The information should NOT be used in place of visit with your healthcare provider, nor should you disregard the advice of your health care provider because of any information you read in this topic.
All content provided by eORTHOPOD® is a registered trademark of Medical Multimedia Group, L.L.C.. Content is the sole property of Medical Multimedia Group, LLC and used herein by permission.

Our Specialties

Where Does It Hurt?

Our Locations

  Follow Us

Follow us on Facebook Follow us on YouTube
Follow us on Twitter